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五大困境捆住了教师培训

字体:[ ]    作者:    人气:731    发布日期:2018-04-30
作者:王红《光明日报》( 2018年04月12日 14版)

    GUANGMINGTUPIAN/SHIJUEZHONGGUO

【知与行】

欢乐生肖app  BANSUIZHE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAXINSHIDAIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGEDEYIJIAN》YIJI《JIAOSHIJIAOYUZHENXINGXINGDONGJIHUA(2018-2022NIAN)》DEFABU,JIAOSHIJIAOYUDECHUNTIANZHENGXIANGWOMENZOULAI,WULUNSHIZHIQIANDESHIFANJIAOYUHAISHIZHIHOUDEJIAOSHIPEIXUN,JUNYUNYUZHEXUSHIDAIFADEXINJUMIAN。YOUQISHIJIAOSHIPEIXUN,ZAIJINGYOU“GUOPEIJIHUA”JIN10NIANDELILIANHEYINLINGZHIHOU,YOUBIJIANGBURUYIGEXINDESHIDAI。ZAIZOUXIANGXINSHIDAIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUIGUBINGFANSIJIAOSHIPEIXUNFAZHANZHONGCUNZAIDEKUNJINGBINGSIKAOTUPOKUNJINGDECHULU,BIANCHENGWEIJIAOSHIPEIXUNWEIXINSHIDAI“XUSHI”DEGUANJIAN。

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突破地位困境:让教师培训不再尴尬

  SUOWEIDIWEIKUNJING,SHIZHICONGSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEGAOXIAO,BAJIAOSHIPEIXUNZAIQISHIYEFAZHANZHONGDINGWEIWEICHUANGSHOU“CAILANZI”HAISHIZUOWEIXUESHUHEXUEKEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOLINGYU。TANLVDISHUO,JINGUAN“GUOPEIJIHUA”BAJIAOSHIPEIXUNTAIDAOLE“GUO”ZITOUDEGAODU,BUFENGAOXIAODUIJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEDINGWEIQUESHIZHONGYAOBAIZAI“CAILANZI”YU“XUESHU”ZHIJIAN。ZAIZHEIZHONGDINGWEIZHUANGTAIXIA,JIAOSHIPEIXUNBUSHIXUESHUQUDONGERSHILIYIQUDONG,JIAOSHIPEIXUNDEXUESHUJIAZHIBEIBIANDISHENZHIBEIHULVE。YINCICAIHUICHUXIANZHEIYANGDEGUAIXIANXIANG——YOUYIXIESHIFANYUANXIAODELINGDAOJURANRENWEI“GUOPEIJIHUA”CHONGJILEBENKEJIAOXUE,ERMEIYOUCHONGFENRENSHIDAOYUJICHUJIAOYUSHIJIANLIANXIMIQIEDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNDUISHIFANJIAOYUDEFANBUZUOYONG。ZAIZHEIYANGDEDINGWEIXIA,BIANCHANSHENGLE“LIEBIQUZHULIANGBI”DEXIANXIANG,YOUYUQIJIAZHIDAOXIANGYUXUESHUFAZHANBUNENGCHONGFENPIPEI,JIAOSHIPEIXUNZHENGTIGONGJIZHILIANGNANYITISHENG。

欢乐生肖app  TUPODIWEIKUNJINGDECHULUZAIYU,BIXUTUXIANJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEXUESHUJIAZHI,BAIZHENGJIAOSHIPEIYANGYUJIAOSHIPEIXUN“SINIANYUSISHINIAN”DEGUANXI,ZAIJIAOYUFAZHANXINXINGTAIXIABAJIAOSHIPEIXUNZUOWEIGAOXIAO(YOUQISHISHIFANYUANXIAO)DENEISHENGGONGNENG,QIANGDIAOJIAOSHIJIAOYU“ZHIQIANZHIHOUDEYITIHUA”,BAJIAOSHIPEIYANGHEJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEXUESHUDIWEITONGDENGDUIDAI,FOUZE,JIAOSHIPEIXUNJIUHUIYONGYUANCHUZAI“CONGSHU”HE“FUYE”DEZHUANGTAI,NANYIXIYINZUIYOUXIUDEGAOXIAOHEZUIYOUXIUDETUANDUICONGSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUN,NANYISHIXIANJIAOSHIJIAOYUSHIZIDUIWUYOUHUADEMUBIAO,NANYIZHENZHENGTISHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUEDEZHILIANG。

突破体系困境:专家下去,教师上来

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突破内容困境:提升教师培训针对性

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  YAOTUPONEIRONGKUNJING,JIUBIXUJIAQIANGDUIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANDEYANJIU,SHENDUBAWOJIAOSHINENGLIZHUANYEFAZHANDEGUILV。WEICI,KEYITUPOCHUANTONGYANJIUFANGSHIDEJUXIAN,JIEZHUYURENGONGZHINENG、DASHUJUDENGLAIGENGJINGZHUNDIHUOQUJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHANDEGETI、QUNTITEZHENGXINGNENGLIZHIBIAO,PINGJIA、GENZONGGETIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANDONGTAI,BAWOBUTONGJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANSUOXUYAODEMOSHIHELUJING,DAKAIRENZHIMEIYIWEIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANTEZHENGDE“HEIXIANG”,SHEJIYOUZHENDUIXINGDEPEIXUNNEIRONG。ERDUIYUBUTONGCENGCIDEJIAOSHIPEIXUN,GENGSHIYAOBAWOTIDUBIANHUA,CONGJICHUCENGMIANDAOGAODUANCENGMIAN,CENGCENGDIJIN、ZHUBUSHENHUA。

突破成效困境:让培训成果落地

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突破成本困境:期望与投入要成正比

  CHENGBENKUNJINGJICHENGBENYUESHUERDAOZHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNYUQICHENGXIAOWUFADACHENG,YIJIZONGSHIXIWANGYONGDICHENGBENHUANQUGAOCHENGXIAOZHEIYIMAODUN。YOUYUJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHUYAOSHIZHENGFUCAIZHENGZIJINDEZHICHI,GUQIANGDIAOCHENGBENYUESHU、QIANGHUACHENGBENKONGZHIJIUCHENGWEIBIRAN。RANER,MUQIANDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNCHENGBENTOURUCESUANSHIJISHANGSHIANZHAOCHUANTONGSHANGDAGUIMO、BIAOZHUNHUAPEIXUNFANGSHIDETOURUBIAOZHUN,ZAIZHEIYANGDETOURUBIAOZHUNXIA,YAOQIWANGGEXINGHUADUOYUANHUADEPEIXUNFANGSHIHEGAOSHUIPINGDEPEIXUNCHENGXIAO,NANDUTAIDA。

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(作者:王红,系华南师范大学教师教育学部常务副部长、广东省中小学教师培训中心副主任)


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